But a French drain? I want one. Imagine my consternation upon learning that the French drain is not from France at all but was actually created by an American named Henry French. In the mids, French came up with the idea of leaving a gap between roof tiles to allow water to drain efficiently. Thus was born the French drain. Despite its prosaic American past, the French drain is quite a useful method of diverting water and preventing floods or runoff.
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Water is essential to life, and vital to the progress of civilizations. It is delightful to sip on a hot summer day or to watch falling gracefully into a fountain basin. However, water becomes an insidious foe when it decides to start pouring into your basement or collecting in sodden pools on your lawn.
Drainage, therefore, is a constant concern in the landscape. There are various devices designed to direct water over and through the landscape. French drains vs.
There are two main types of drainage in the landscape: surface drainage and subsurface drainage. As a general rule we use surface drainage to deal with rainwater, especially heavy rain. A good example of a surface drainage mechanism is a ditch on the side of a highway. Swales, flumes and trench drains are also used in various situations to convey water over grass, concrete or other media.
In contrast, subsurface drainage deals with groundwater. This can be water that percolates down into the soil from above or bubbles up on your property. Here in the South you might have seen groundwater entering a basement that contains a nasty orange colored substance called bacterial iron. We normally use French drains to deal with that kind of saturation. It was actually named for its inventor, Henry Flagg French. French was an American who practically invented the fine art of farmland drainage, mainly to remove waste-contaminated water from feedlots and help prevent disease.
The French drain is a true subsurface structure meant to address water that saturates the soil. Water is insidious, and will always seek the path of least resistance.
Often there will be a harder layer of soil or even rock under the top layer of soil. When water comes to a foundation wall, it tends to seep through any chink or crack in the mortar. A French drain works to keep your basement dry by diverting water from the surrounding soil into an underground barrier trench containing a gravel bed. Water is driven there because the voids in the gravel make it easy for it to travel through, making the gravel bed the path of least resistance.
The water then flows into perforated pipes at the bottom of the trench. From there it is eventually discharged to an outlet, such as a swale, storm sewer, irrigation cistern, or sump.
The entire system has to be designed to accommodate the natural flow of water from higher ground to the lowest point. Does it add to the cost to do it this way? Well, it depends on how you look at it. However, unlike the French drain, the trench drain is a surface drainage structure. A trench drain is a device designed to intercept and collect surface water over a long expanse. It is literally a trench with a grate on top. Trench drains are usually employed across a paved area to drain and direct water away from these surfaces.
You see them a lot around commercial buildings like restaurants or loading docks to help keep the pavement in these areas dry and slip-free. Even though a trench drain is embedded in the ground, it is technically a surface drainage mechanism designed to clear water away fast. Under the grate is typically a plastic box-shaped trench that acts as a hidden surface water conveyance. Like a trench drain, a swale is a surface water drainage device.
Any time we can spread water out we slow it down and it will percolate naturally into the soil. This is one of the main differences between a swale and a ditch; ditches tend to be deeper and to concentrate the water flow which increases its speed and volatility. A typical swale has a parabolic profile, starting at one edge and gently flowing down and up.
You can do one so broad and shallow that it looks like part of the sculpting of the landscape. For this reason swales are often used in residential or commercial settings where there are large expanses of turf.
You can also use them in sustainable landscape applications for water conservation. However every property is different, and there are other solutions available as well. Why not have us take a look? You can reach us at , or contact us online to get in touch with one of our landscape drainage experts. Topics: Water Management. Call Today:French Drain Vs. Trench Drain Vs. Surface Vs. What Is A French Drain? If we pick up downspouts along the way, we send that water to a separate pipe, so it doesn't backflow into the drainage system.
The most common problem with French drains is root intrusion; we use a filter fabric as a preventative measure to help keep roots out of the system.
When installing a French drain under a driveway or road, we use heavy duty structural corrugated drain pipe, not the stuff from the big box stores which can collapse if a truck drives over it. French Drains Vs. Swale Like a trench drain, a swale is a surface water drainage device.
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Water puddling in the yard can become a big mess especially when the rainy season arrives. With this, you must be creative in positioning your drainage so that it would not cause more yard mess. The good news is that you can actually incorporate your drainage ditch in your landscape design seamlessly. To have a head start of what you can do, here are some drainage ditch landscaping ideas for you to refer from.
When landscaping problem areas - french drains and retaining walls are the water but can also be used to enhance the landscape design.
Where land is flat, soils are dense or the water table is high, a well designed drainage system is a priority. Without proper drainage solutions in place, water may collect to undermine structures and drown expensive plants, turning parts of your new landscape into perpetually wet swamps. This can be the most important issue to a landscape architect due to this potential for damage. Backyard drainage may also be overlooked entirely by a designer poorly trained in grading and drainage. A good designer will analyze the nature of your yard, and may "shoot the grades" to establish the exact topography no matter how flat the site may seem. Spot elevations tell the designer where problems lie so that she can solve them through design. Ground water can also play an important role in drainage, and it is directly related to rainfall patterns. In the low lying areas of the South, the water table can be just inches below the surface. Such conditions create all sorts of problems for construction and limit planting options.
Find gifts for everyone on your list with this guide. We have updated our password strength requirements. Your current password is not strong enough. Please reset your password. A French drain is a very simple, but very effective solution for poorly draining lawn areas.
What is a Drainage Swale? Can I Dig a Swale?
Finally dropped, injured, alone and lost, Wandi is found by a Human and taken to the Dingo Discovery Centre. Also great for carrying and trasporting materials around the job site. This grinder uses tracks instead of wheels eliminating the risk of flat tires and giving it a. Make sure the finished grade ends up matching the level of existing fixtures — walkways, patios, established lawn. With a rated operating capacity over lbs.
Water is essential to life, and vital to the progress of civilizations. It is delightful to sip on a hot summer day or to watch falling gracefully into a fountain basin. However, water becomes an insidious foe when it decides to start pouring into your basement or collecting in sodden pools on your lawn. Drainage, therefore, is a constant concern in the landscape. There are various devices designed to direct water over and through the landscape.
An easy way to site a French drain is to watch where water pools — especially if it sits for hours or days — after a rain. Some of the most common drainage.
Please note: I may earn commissions from qualifying purchases if you shop through links on this page. More info. French drains are a very efficient way to their solve water problems… which can be a home owners absolute worst enemy.
My whole point in burning the stump was to reduce it down to ground level. STEP 3: Apply a chemical repellent to your garden. Before you toss it or give up, read this method for how to remove rust from chrome and get rust off metal surfaces. Has anyone done similar and if so, how did you go about it? Would we be best hiring akip The garden is a structure that allows the player to grow certain plants and mushroom.
March 12, By Kim Thibodeau No comments yet.
If your home has improper drainage, you may experience flooding around the foundation of the home, which increases the risk of damaging the foundation or flooding the basement. Luckily, even if you live in an area with lots of rainfall, there are some landscaping solutions you can use to boost your yard's drainage. If you're sick of pooling water destroying your yard, check out these five landscape solutions for drainage so you can properly maintain your home. Perhaps one of the easiest ways to help promote better drainage is to ensure your ground is covered. The more ground coverage that you have ground coverage includes things such as grass, mulch, plants, and more , the more the water gets absorbed, which means better drainage. Similarly, if you don't have plenty of ground coverage, even if you have good drainage, you may experience a lot of erosion, which can destroy your yard or promote more flooding.
Especially where we are located in Las Vegas, we have beautiful weather all year round. Outdoor patios are also an easy way to add value to your home inIf you are thinking about installing a backyard patio there are some things you should know before starting the work. A paver patio that does not have proper drainage could result in erosion, foundation damage to your home, and a risk of insect proliferation.